How To Treat HIV/AIDS: All you need to know about HIV

 

What is AIDS?

AIDS simply means,
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
It is a chronic condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

What is HIV?

HIV simply means Human Immunodeficiency virus .
HIV interferes with human body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease. It does this,by damaging the body’s immune system.

How can HIV be spread?

HIV is a sexually transmitted infection. It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding.
Without medication, it may take years before *HIV* weakens someone’s immune system to the point that it can cause AIDS.

*How can HIV be cured?*

There’s no cure for HIV/AIDS, but there are medications that can dramatically slow the progression of the disease. These drugs have reduced AIDS deaths in many developed nations.

*What are the symptoms of HIV/AIDS?*

The symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary, depending on the phase of infection.

*Primary infection (Acute HIV)*

Most of the people who are infected by HIV develop a flu-like illness in a space of a month or two after the virus enters the body. This illness, known as primary or acute HIV infection, may last for a few weeks.

*Predisposing signs and symptoms include:*

*Fever.

*Sore throat

*Rash

*Headache

*Muscle aches and joint pain.

*Swollen lymph glands, especially on the neck.

Majority of time, the symptoms of primary HIV infection may be mild enough to be unnoticed, the amount of virus in the bloodstream (viral load) is particularly high at this time. Because of this reason, HIV infection spreads more efficiently during primary infection than during the next stage of infection.

*Clinical latent infection (Chronic HIV)*

Persistent swelling of lymph nodes usually occurs in some people during clinical latent HIV, period. Sometimes, there are no specific signs and symptoms. HIV remains in the body, however, and in infected white blood cells.

Generally, Clinical latent infection lasts about 10 years especially, if the person is not receiving Anti-retroviral therapy. However, this phase can last for decades in people taking Anti-retroviral drugs.

*Early symptomatic HIV infection*

In some cases, as the virus continues to multiply and destroy immune cells, the infected person may develop mild infections or *chronic symptoms such as:*

*Diarrhea.

*Fever.

*Shingles (herpes zoster).

*Fatigue.

*Swollen lymph nodes — often one of the first signs of HIV infection.

*Loss of weight.

*Oral yeast infection.

*Progression to AIDS*

In about 10 years, if an infected person did not receive any treatment for HIV infection, it will develop to AIDS. The immune system will be severely damaged, as soon as the illness develops into AIDS. And this will make the person to become susceptible to any form of opportunistic infection.

*The symptoms of these infections includes the following:*

*Skin rashes.

*Soakings night sweats

*Loss of weight.

*Recurring fever

*Chronic diarrhea

*Persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue or in your mouth

*Persistent, unexplained fatigue.

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