Corona Virus: You Need To Know These If You Are In Nigeria
The virus causes a mild respiratory illness that can develop into pneumonia and be fatal in some cases.
What is Covid-19?
It is caused by a member of the coronavirus family that has never been encountered before. Like other coronaviruses, it has transferred to humans from animals. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared it a pandemic.
Symptoms Of Corona Virus
According to the WHO, the most common symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, tiredness and a dry cough. Some patients may also have a runny nose, sore throat, nasal congestion and aches and pains or diarrhoea. About 80% of people who get Covid-19 experience a mild case – about as serious as a regular cold – and recover without needing any special treatment.
How it works
1. The virus first attacks the throat, so you will have a sore throat for 3/4 days
2. The virus then blends into nasal fluid that enters the trachea and then the lungs causing pneumonia. This takes about 5/6 days.
3. Next comes difficulty breathing and high fever.
4. The nasal congestion is not like the normal kind. You will feel like you are drowning. It is imperative that you immediately seek medical treatment at that point.
BELOW ARE SOME TIPS WE BELIEVE CAN HELP PREVENT CATCHING/ SPREADING OF THE VIRUS:
1. If you have a runny nose and septum, you have the common cold.
2. Coronavirus pneumonia is a dry cough with no runny nose.
3. This virus is not heat-resistant, and can be killed by a temperature of 78 degrees or higher.
4. If someone sneezes with it, it takes about 10 feet before it drops to the ground and is no longer airborne.
5. Corona virus can live for 12 hours on a metal surface. So if you come in contact with a metal surface wash your hands with soap and water
6. Corona virus can live on fabric for 6-12 hours, normal laundry detergent can kill it.
7. Drinking warm water is effective in combating all viruses. Try not to drink cold liquids with ice.
8. Wash hand frequently as the virus can only live on hands for 5-10 minutes. Do your best to not rub your eyes, put hands/fingers in your mouth or nose.
9. A daily warm salt water gargle can also help with prevention
10. Drink plenty of water !
How does the pneumonia develop?
When people with Covid-19 develop a cough and fever, this is a result of the infection reaching the respiratory tree – the air passages that conduct air between the lungs and the outside.
The lining of the respiratory tree becomes injured, causing inflammation. This in turn irritates the nerves in the lining of the airway. Just a speck of dust can stimulate a cough.
“But if this gets worse, it goes past just the lining of the airway and goes to the gas exchange units, which are at the end of the air passages.
“If they become infected they respond by pouring out inflammatory material into the air sacs that are at the bottom of our lungs.”
If the air sacs then become inflamed, this causes an “outpouring of inflammatory material [fluid and inflammatory cells] into the lungs and we end up with pneumonia.”
Lungs that become filled with inflammatory material are unable to get enough oxygen to the bloodstream, reducing the body’s ability to take on oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide.
“That’s the usual cause of death with severe pneumonia,
How can the pneumonia be treated
“People are already trialling all sorts of medications and we’re hopeful that we might discover that there are various combinations of viral and anti-viral medications that could be effective. At the moment there isn’t any established treatment apart from supportive treatment, which is what we give people in intensive care.
“We ventilate them and maintain high oxygen levels until their lungs are able to function in a normal way again as they recover.”
patients with viral pneumonia are also at risk of developing secondary infections, so they would also be treated with anti-viral medication and antibiotics.
Is Covid-19 pneumonia different?
Covid-19 pneumonia is different from the most common cases that people are admitted to hospitals for.
“Most types of pneumonia that we know of and that we admit people to hospital for are bacterial and they respond to an antibiotic.
There is evidence that pneumonia caused by Covid-19 may be particularly severe. cases of coronavirus pneumonia tend to affect all of the lungs, instead of just small parts.
Once we have an infection in the lung and, if it involves the air sacs, then the body’s response is first to try and destroy [the virus] and limit its replication.”
“first responder mechanism” can be impaired in some groups, including people with underlying heart and lung conditions, diabetes and the elderly.
Generally, people aged 65 and over are at risk of getting pneumonia, as well as people with medical conditions such as diabetes, cancer or a chronic disease affecting the lungs, heart, kidney or liver, and smokers.
“Age is the major predictor of risk of death from pneumonia. Pneumonia is always serious for an older person and in fact it used to be one of the main causes of death in the elderly. Now we have very good treatments for pneumonia.
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“It’s important to remember that no matter how healthy and active you are, your risk for getting pneumonia increases with age. This is because our immune system naturally weakens with age, making it harder for our bodies to fight off infections and diseases.”